JOURNAL OF OASIS AGRICULTURE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 

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p-ISSN (Print Version): 2724 - 699X

e-ISSN (Electronic Version):  2724-7007

Special Issue : June 2021

High diversity of responses among Medicago truncatula lines to Phoma medicaginis infection.

Authors: Maiza Nourhene, Jabri Cheima, Zaidi Nawres, Rafik Khawla, Khiari Bilel, Djébali Naceur, Sánchez-Ballesta Maria Teresa & Badri Mounawer

Abstract

Medicago truncatula is an omni-Mediterranean species grown as an annual forage legume. In addition to its small genome size and simple genetics, M. truncatula harbors several attributes, which make it an attractive model forage plant. In this study, we investigated the variation of responses in ten parental lines of M. truncatula to Phoma medicaginis infection. Plants were cultivated in the growth chamber under controlled conditions and were inoculated after two months with P. medicaginis. At harvest, 13 quantitative traits of growth and pathogenicity were measured. Results from ANOVA showed that the variation of analyzed parameters was explained by the effect of line. All measured parameters, except the root fresh weight, showed significant difference among the 10 studied lines. Most tolerant lines are those with the lowest ratios of the number of infected and dead leaves. Studied lines were clustered into three groups according to their responses to P. medicaginis infection. The most resistant TN6.18 line and most sensitive F83005.5 to P. medicaginis are useful for the exploration of physiological mechanisms and genetic determinants for M. truncatula tolerance to this constraint.