top of page



p-ISSN (Print Version): 2724 - 699X

e-ISSN (Electronic Version):  2724-7007

Issue 3 : December 2022

Soil activity behaviors after farming techniques application in The Chammak olive tree field

Authors: Hayfa Rajhi, Bousnina Habib & Mounir Abichou


The olive tree arranges no more water reserve that can be exploited during extremely dry periods. A failure of the olive yields observed during the last two decades. The annual production decreased from 150 000 tons to 50 000 tons of olives in the south of Tunisia.  This degradation results, in fact from an obvious reduction in the biological activity of the ground. A new Strategy was employed to improve the organic status and restore the biological activity of the soil ground of the long-term. We have evaluated the effect of the of different plot treatment.  A plot of olive tree speeded with 200 m3/ha dose of  OMW during 10 years, P4;  a plot of olive tree treated with tillage accompanied by 50 m3/ha dose OMW spreading lasting only a one year, P5 and a plot of olive tree cultivated with the introduction of  the fig tree in parallel, P3.  Untouched ground was used as control plot, P0. A comparison of these plots with a degraded ground of olive tree implanted since 1900, P2 and other ground degraded during 10 years, P1. The plot treated with OMW showed an OM value close to the value founded with P0 (Control Plot). The Phytotoxcity measured via germination index GI (percentage) was determined; an   important increment ranged from 200% to 230% was obtained in the P3 and P5, respectively. Correlation analyses, among physiochemical parameters of soil and microbial biomass indicated several positive significant trends. The highest significant correlation was found between OM and TAMF (r=0.999, p<0.001). These results corroborate the notion that the microbial community structure is a good indicator of soil quality and the effects of different management practices, because the microorganisms respond against changes in soil management more rapidly than chemical or physical soil properties. However, in this work we found a negative correlation between respiration soil activity (Resp) and with OM (r=-0.533, p<0.05). In fact, CO2 sequestration took place. Indeed, increasing soil OM enhances the sequestering carbon dioxide (CO2) to mitigate anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

bottom of page