JOURNAL OF OASIS AGRICULTURE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 

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p-ISSN (Print Version): 2724 - 699X

e-ISSN (Electronic Version):  2724-7007

Issue 2 : September 2022

Prospecting bacterial volatile organic compounds antifungal activities against postharvest diseases

Authors: Manel Chaouachi , Takwa Marzouk, Jihed Aouini,  Amani Ben Alaya, Bilel Khiari & Naceur Djebali

Abstract

Chemical pesticides have a plenty of negative impacts on human health and on the environment. Thus, modern agriculture cropping systems are moving towards more eco-friendly alternatives. This study aims to investigate the bioprotective effect of three volatile organic compounds (VOCs: N-Ethylaniline, 2-Heptanone and 3-Methylbutan-1-ol) produced by endophytic bacteria against 21 phytopathogenic fungal strains and their bioprotective effect on horticulture products i.e. tomato and lemon fruits and Potato tubers. The results showed that N-Ethylaniline and 3-methylbutan-1-ol had better antagonistic activity against the fungal strains by inhibiting the mycelia growth of the studied fungal strains at different concentrations. The N-Ethylaniline showed the lowest effective concentration (EC50) against B. cinerea strain S5 (0,258 mL/L headspace), Fusarium solani strain SB4.15.1 (0,496 mL/L headspace) and Colletotrichum gloeosporioides strain ManS3Fr02 (0,206 mL/L headspace). At EC50 this compound significantly reduced B. cinerea and C. gloeosporioides infections on tomato and lemon fruits, respectively. However, N-Ethylaniline didn’t showed significant effect on F. solani infection on Potato tubers. This study showed the broad spectrum of in vitro antifungal activity of N-Ethylaniline and its effect to reduce postharvest infections of some fungal diseases suggesting its potential use as a biofumigant.